A Guide to Maternity Pay in the UK: Understanding Your Rights and Benefits

Becoming a parent is an exciting and life-changing experience, but it also comes with a host of financial considerations. In the UK, maternity pay is an important benefit that supports working mothers during their time off for pregnancy and childbirth. In this blog post, we will explore how maternity pay works in the UK, including your rights, eligibility criteria, and the various benefits available to help you navigate this important phase of your life.

Statutory Maternity Pay (SMP)

Statutory Maternity Pay (SMP) is a form of financial support provided by the government that enables eligible mothers to take time off work to have a baby. Here’s what you need to know about SMP:


To be eligible for SMP, you must meet the following requirements:

  • You should be an employee, not self-employed
  • You must have been employed continuously by the same employer for at least 26 weeks by the time you reach the 15th week before the expected week of childbirth
  • You should earn at least an average of £120 per week in the 8-week period leading up to the 15th week before your due date

SMP Duration and Pay

SMP is typically paid for up to 39 weeks. During the first six weeks, you will be eligible to receive 90% of your average weekly earnings (before tax). For the remaining 33 weeks, you will receive £151.97 per week (or 90% of your average weekly earnings, whichever is the lower amount).

Giving Notice

To claim SMP, you will need to notify your employer in writing at least 28 days before you plan to start your maternity leave. You should provide a Maternity Certificate (MAT B1), which will be issued by your midwife or doctor no earlier than 20 weeks before your due date.

Maternity Allowance (MA)

Maternity Allowance (MA) is an alternative to SMP and is meant for those who may not qualify for SMP. Here are the key details about MA:


You may be eligible for MA if:

  • You are employed but do not qualify for SMP
  • You are self-employed
  • You have recently stopped working

MA Duration and Pay

MA can be paid for up to 39 weeks. The amount you receive will depend on your average weekly earnings. You may be eligible for either 90% of your average weekly earnings or £151.97 per week (whichever is the lower amount).

Application Process

To apply for MA, you can download the MA1 form from the official government website. You will need to fill out the form and send it to the address stated on the form. You can apply for MA as soon as you have been pregnant for 26 weeks.

Shared Parental Leave (SPL)

In addition to maternity pay, the UK also offers Shared Parental Leave (SPL) which allows eligible parents to share up to 50 weeks of leave and 37 weeks of pay. SPL is designed to offer flexibility and give both parents the opportunity to bond with their child.

Maternity Rights in the Workplace

It’s essential to understand your maternity rights in the workplace. These include the right to take time off for antenatal appointments, a safe and suitable working environment, protection against unfair treatment or dismissal, and the right to return to work after maternity leave.

Aside from statutory benefits, you may be entitled to other forms of financial support during your pregnancy and after childbirth. For example, you might be eligible for Child Benefit, the Sure Start Maternity Grant, or tax credits. It’s worth researching these benefits to ensure you’re taking advantage of all available support.


Navigating maternity pay in the UK can be complex, but understanding your rights and benefits is key to ensuring you have the financial support you need during and after your pregnancy. Familiarize yourself with the eligibility criteria for SMP and MA, and don’t hesitate to seek guidance or advice from relevant government agencies or Citizen’s Advice. By understanding your rights and exploring the various benefits available, you can make informed decisions and focus on enjoying this special time in your life.

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